Located in strategic region for Brazil, Amapá has an energy matrix based primarily on thermal generation (75%) with eight diesel plants and biomass scattered in remote areas in the state, with a total capacity of 221 MW. Only one hydroelectric plant – Coaracy Nunes (77 MW) – operates in the electrical system of Amapá, which is not connected to the National Interconnected System (SIN).
Not only in Brazil but in the world, the power generation based on diesel will continue to serve as competitive alternative to attend local communities and where networks of distributors cannot reach with its lines and poles.
According to the Energy Research Firm (EPE), in the last years, the consumption of diesel for thermal generation has represented between 5% and 6% of the total consumption of this derivative in the country. Also according to EPE, in 2020 the country will have an installed capacity of 1100 MW of diesel.
According to EPE, Amapá demand is expected to reach the end of this decade about 260 MW which means an average annual growth of around 5.5%. Considering the states located in the north of the country, the demand in the region will have a weight of 10% of the national demand in 2020.